Thanksgiving Myths and Misconceptions

Thanksgiving, colonial America, pilgrims, native Americans, Great Colonial America Projects You Can Build Yourself

This November, schoolchildren all over America will don black construction paper hats and fake buckles in honor of the first Thanksgiving. But are they hearing the real story?

Myth: The Pilgrims were the first colonists in the New World.
Fact: The famous Pilgrims that we associate with Thanksgiving arrived in 1620 – thirteen years after the first successful colony was established at Jamestown, Virginia.

Myth: Once the Pilgrims landed in the New World, they left the Mayflower behind.
Fact: The Mayflower arrived off the coast of Massachusetts on November 21, 1620 which left little time to build homes before harsh winter weather began. Anchored off the coast, the Mayflower was home to many Pilgrims throughout their first winter in the New World.

Myth: Pilgrims dressed in black and white with buckles and pointy hats.
Fact: Black is a very hard color to achieve using natural dyes – the only source of dyes available during colonial times. Colonists lucky enough to have black clothing reserved it for Sunday church services and special occasions. During the rest of the week, Pilgrims were more likely to be found in earth tones.

Myth: The feast celebrated in autumn, 1621 was the first Thanksgiving.
Fact: Native people on this continent have celebrated the harvest and given thanks to their creator for thousands of years.

Myth: The Thanksgiving feast included mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie.
Fact: It’s more likely that the feast included wild fowl such as turkey, swan and eagles; venison and seal; vegetables like pumpkin (perhaps stewed), peas, beans and carrots; and fruits and nuts.

Myth: The Pilgrims prepared a lovely feast and invited the Native Americans to Thanksgiving.
Fact: The Pilgrims did not call this feast Thanksgiving. It was more of a harvest celebration. For them, Thanksgiving was a day of prayer to thank God when something really good happened. As for the food, much of it was likely brought and prepared by the natives.

Myth: The Pilgrims and Native Americans sat together around a table for their feast.
Fact: Historians believe that about 90 native Wampanoag people joined the 50 or so Pilgrims at Plymouth Plantation. With so many people eating, seating was limited and they didn’t even use forks!

Myth: After the meal, the Native Americans went home to their village.
Fact: The harvest celebration lasted for three full days and included eating, drinking and playing games.

Want to learn more about the Pilgrims and colonial America? Check out my book, Great Colonial America Projects You Can Build Yourself.

14 thoughts on “Thanksgiving Myths and Misconceptions

  1. Neat facts! That reminds me, I bought your Great Colonial America Projects book and can’t wait to try it with my 12 yr old.
    TeresaR recently posted..Farewell to Mom

  2. Thanks, Teresa! I’ll look forward to hearing about your projects!

  3. Love this – I dislike when misconceptions get passed on as fact.
    We had a chance to go to Plimouth Plantation a few months ago. It was a great experience – we all learned a lot. My kids had not yet been to school in the U.S. very much before this, though, so aside from what they knew from us, they were blank slates – no misinformation to correct.
    Christine recently posted..Rainboots

  4. These are great. While I did know some already, there are a lot of facts that I didn’t know and found quite interesting!

  5. sheryl on said:

    How interesting to think of Pilgrims dressed in earth tones when all along I always thought their wardrobe was limited to black and white!

  6. Fascinating. Especially about how they didn’t really wear BLACK. Thanks for this! I have a strong background in American culture but I didn’t know about some of these!
    Jennifer Margulis recently posted..On the Road Again

  7. Thank you for sharing these misconceptions. I still can’t believe that it took me so long to find out the Pilgrims didn’t wear black and white. It was so ingrained from childhood! We need to teach the reality, not these myths.
    AprilS recently posted..Chemistry in Action – Natural Acid-Base Indicators

  8. Meredith Resnick on said:

    This is a fun one…so much to learn about. Actually, it is refreshing to be thinking about the holiday…everywhere I go it seems the world around us is gearing up for … Christmas.

  9. Pingback: Good. Food. Stories. » Thanksgiving Stuffing

  10. Fabulous facts. It’s amazing how much we’ve come to believe about history isn’t exactly on target.
    Jeanine

Comments are closed.